This is a Hand Carved Pipestone Turtle Bead. Pipestone or Catlinite is a type of metamorphosed mudstone, usually brownish-red in color, which occurs in a matrix of Sioux Quartzite. The stone is finely grained and easily worked. It is a prized stone for Native Americans who quarry it at Pipestone National Monument and Hayward, Wisconsin. This turtle bead, measuring 1.6875" (43mm) long by 1" (26mm) wide by 0.25" (6mm) thick, has an expressive pointed face with bulging eyes, down-turned U mouth, and lined neck; four outstretched legs with lined toes; a long v-shaped striated tail; and an ovoid shell with a detailed upper carapace with variegated sections and a bottom plastron with simple etched lines. There is a 0.0625" (2mm) channeled hole that runs lengthwise from the neck to the tail. Maker and age are unknown. It is believed that this bead was originally purchased in New Mexico and may have been made by at Zuni Pueblo. This Hand Carved Pipestone Turtle Bead is in very good condition with no damage or wear. There are some natural imperfections in the hand carving.